EN14 – STRATEGIES, CURRENT ACTIONS, AND FUTURE PLANS FOR MANAGING IMPACTS ON BIODIVERSITY.
The increase in global temperature and other symptoms of climate change such as extreme weather events will greatly reduce the biodiversity in most parts of the world. Acting now to mitigate climate change can avoid the projected climatic range loss for biodiversity. EDPR is committed to promote biodiversity conservation and has an active role in reducing loss in biodiversity.
The management of the impact on biodiversity is part of our own environmental policy. We take precautionary measures to avoid locating wind farms in areas where they could pose risks to biodiversity. Through preventive, corrective and compensatory measures we seek an overall positive balance of our projects and activities.
In 2013, we focused our efforts to standardize our environmental impact assessment studies, by adopting best practices, reinforced mitigation and compensation measures and adopted more efficient post-construction monitoring practices.
EN16 – TOTAL DIRECT AND INDIRECT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY WEIGHT.
Our indirect emissions represent 0.2% of the total amount of emissions avoided and approximately 74% of the emissions are from the necessary electricity consumption by the wind farms.
In addition, part of the equipment used for electricity generation purposes contains SF6 gasses and during 2013 we registered emissions of 9.14 kg of this gas.
Note: Gas consumption emissions were estimated according to the GHG protocol. Electricity consumption emissions were calculated with the global emission factors of each country and state within the US.
EN17 – OTHER RELEVANT INDIRECT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY WEIGHT.
Our work requires our employees to travel and commute. Based on our estimates, the transportation used by our employees accounted for a total of 6,925 tons of CO2 emissions. Transport emissions were calculated according to the DEFRA standard. Employee commuting emissions were calculated from data collected in a survey to all employees.
EN18 – INITIATIVES TO REDUCE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS AND REDUCTIONS ACHIEVED.
Our core business activity inherently implies the reduction GHG emissions. Wind and solar energy has zero carbon emissions, contributing to the world’s fight against climate change and does not produce harmful SOx, NOx, or mercury emissions, protecting valuable air and water resources. We estimated that our activities avoided the emission of 16,296 thousand tons of CO2.
Even though our activity is based on the clean energy generation, we are conscious about promoting a culture of rational use of resources. During 2013, we continued promoting initiatives that foster environmental best practices in our offices.
Note: To calculate the emissions avoidance, the energy generation has been multiplied by the CO2 eq emission factors of each country and state within the US. We considered the emission factor of just fossil fuel energy, as we considered that by increasing the generation of renewable energy, we are displacing these technologies, while other renewable technologies and nuclear plants will continue with its quota of generation.
EN22 – TOTAL WEIGHT OF WASTE BY TYPE AND DISPOSAL METHOD.
More than 95% of the hazardous waste produced by wind farms is related to oil and oil-related wastes such as oil filters or oil containers, used mainly for lubrication of the turbines. The consumption of this oil is based on certain pre- defined replacement time frequencies (between 2 and 5 years, based on the component, oil type and manufacturer). The company has been actively working to improve the recycling rate of its hazardous wastes, through authorized waste haulers, reaching a 95% recycling rate in 2013 from a 75% in 2011.
The following table summarizes the amount of hazardous waste generated per GWh in our facilities and the rate of recycling.
Annual fluctuations in hazardous waste generated are heavily dependent on the pluri-annual oil replacement programs above mentioned. Non-hazardous wastes generated by the company include metals, plastics, paper or domestic garbage which is recycled in their vast majority.
In 2013, we updated the non-hazardous waste reported criteria as previous values reported considered as non- hazardous waste the effluents resulting from human activity, either domestic wastewater or septic tank sludge. For the purposes of this report, we reviewed this criterion to stop considered the effluents collected in enclosed tanks as septic tank sludge considered. These effluents resulting of the human activity are sent to municipal treatment, either through direct connection to the sewage system or through enclosed tanks, and thus reported as wastewater. In any case, waste and effluents are monitored and managed.
Note 1: In Europe and Brazil, the method of disposal has been indicated by the waste hauler, while in the US the disposal method has been determined by the organizational defaults of the waste hauler.
Note 2: For the purposes of this report, all wastes have been classified as Hazardous or Non-hazardous according to European Waste Catalogue; however, in each country where EDPR has a geographic presence, each wind farm is required to adhere to national law by following company procedures for handling, labelling, and storage of wastes to ensure compliance. In cases, like in the United States, when our operations generate small quantities of substances which fall into additionally-regulated categories– such as used oils and universal wastes–we follow strict standards for handling and disposal of these waste types to ensure we remain compliant with all applicable laws.
EN23 – TOTAL NUMBER AND VOLUME OF SIGNIFICANT SPILLS.
Given our activity and our locations, oil spills and fires are the major environmental risks the company faces. The Environmental Management System is designed and implemented to prevent emergency situations from happening. But in case they happen, the system covers the identification and management of these, including the near-miss situations.
In 2013, we had 8 significant spills (above 0.16 m3 that reached the ground) with a total volume of 0.94 m3 of oil spilled, and 1 incipient fire with an area of 2 m2 of dry scrub burned. All cases were properly managed: oil spills were confined early and contaminated soil was collected and managed; the incipient fire occurred in an agricultural area with some dry bushes without significant natural value, being promptly suffocated by the staff on site using the fire extinguishers.
EDPR performs regular environmental drills to guarantee that our employees are familiar with the risks and have received the appropriate training to prevent and act, if necessary. In 2013, we implemented self-protection plans to prevent and act in case of forest fires.
EN28 – MONETARY VALUE OF SIGNIFICANT FINES AND TOTAL NUMBER OF NON-MONETARY SANCTIONS FOR NON-COMPLIANCE WITH ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS.
During 2013, the company was fined 1,020 euros for an incidence of non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations.
EN29 – SIGNIFICANT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF TRANSPORTING PRODUCTS AND OTHER GOODS AND MATERIALS USED FOR THE ORGANIZATION’S OPERATIONS, AND TRANSPORTING MEMBERS OF THE WORKFORCE.
EN30 – TOTAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EXPENDITURES AND INVESTMENTS BY TYPE.
In 2013, 2.17 million euros were invested and 2.81 million euros were expended in environmental related activities